Intervention Statement by the Kingdom of the Netherlands following the Interactive Dialogue on report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the root causes of the human rights violations and abuses against the Rohingya Muslim minority and other minorities in Myanmar, 27 February 2020.

Madame President,

The Kingdom of the Netherlands thanks the High Commissioner for her concise report.

The reports contains very important recommendations related to the promotion and protection of the rights of Rohingya and other minorities in Myanmar, that we share. We also share your recommendation that the international community should continue to support accountability efforts, including the International Criminal Court investigation and the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar. Perpetrators of international crimes should be held accountable as a first step to sustainable peace. In relation to international accountability efforts, the Kingdom also notes the important recent International Court of Justice’ s ruling on provisional measures in the case between The Gambia and Myanmar concerning the Genocide Convention and urge Myanmar to fully comply with the order.

Further to accountability, dismantling enforced ethnic segregation in all its forms in Rakhine State is of utmost importance to address the root causes of conflict and violence against the Rohingya. Last year your report observed that no steps had been taken to adequately address the issue of citizenship of the Rohingya and that there was essentially no representation of the Rohingya community at any level of decision-making. While taking note of the positive developments you acknowledge in your report today, the reforms necessary to transition to a peaceful Rakhine State are still not in place, and systematic discrimination continues to severely damage the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the Rohingya.

In addition to our calls for accountability and an end to violence, we call on Myanmar to ensure full protection and inclusion of all persons in Myanmar through equitable representation of minorities and participation of civil society. This is of critical importance to bring about reconciliation and hope for a common future.

Myanmar needs to act. If not, the seeds of conflict and instability continue to be sowed. This is indeed a critical point in Myanmar’s democratic transition.

Madam High Commissioner,

Considering recent accountability developments, both international and national, are there indications in your view that Myanmar will start to address impunity and commit to pursuing truth, justice, reparations and guarantees of non-recurrence, all of which you prioritize in your report?

Thank you Mr. President.