Security Council Briefing: Non-Proliferation
Statement by H.E. Karel J.G. van Oosterom,
Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations in New York
New York, 27 June 2018
I will address three points:
- First, on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
- Second, on Iran’s ballistic missile programme and its role in the region.
- And, third, on the implementation of resolution 2231.
Mr. President, let me turn to the first element: the JCPOA. The JCPOA is a major diplomatic accomplishment and a key non-proliferation achievement. It has been unanimously endorsed by the Security Council, through resolution 2231. For the Kingdom of the Netherlands preserving the agreement is a clear priority: it is crucial for the security of the region, of Europe and of the entire world.
The JCPOA has been delivering on its objective, which is to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons, an obligation it also has under the Non-Proliferation Treaty. And it is based on solid verification.
IAEA inspectors spend more than 3,000 calendar days per year on the ground in Iran and monitor more than 25 locations in Iran on a 24/7 basis. An important IAEA endeavor for my country to which we have contributed more than 1,5 million euros. This has led to eleven consecutive IAEA reports confirming that Iran is living up to its commitments under the JCPOA.
It is in this light that we deeply regret the decision of the United States to withdraw from the agreement. We believe that this international agreement effectively blocks the route to an Iranian nuclear weapon. It is better than any alternative.
That is why we call on the JCPOA-participants to remain committed to the agreement.
2. Iran’s ballistic missile programme and its role in the region
This brings me to my second point, the position of Iran. Whereas Iran fulfils its nuclear commitments, the Kingdom of the Netherlands shares the concerns about its ballistic missile programme and its destabilizing role in the region. It mingles in the internal affairs of other countries and supports armed groups.
We strongly condemn any Iranian involvement in the missiles fired on Saudi Arabia by the Houthis from Yemen. We also note with concern the continuation of arms transfers as well as violations of the asset freeze and travel ban, in contradiction to resolution 2231.
We call on Iran to refrain from any such activities - to implement resolution 2231 fully - and to engage in serious dialogue on these concerns outside the framework of the JCPOA. As long as Iran continues to remain committed to the JCPOA, the international community should do so as well.
3. The implementation of resolution 2231
Therefore, my third point, in our view, the entire international community should continue to support and implement resolution 2231, including the JCPOA.
The international community should ensure that Iran continues to benefit from the agreement as was foreseen, including trade - if appropriate via the Procurement Channel.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands will continue to play its part to ensure the full implementation of resolution 2231; nationally, as member of the European Union, and as Facilitator for resolution 2231 here in New York.
In conclusion, the Kingdom of the Netherlands sees it as a clear priority that the JCPOA-participants, including Iran, and the international community remain committed to resolution 2231, including the JCPOA. Especially now that this agreement faces serious challenges.
At the same time, Iran should address the international concerns regarding its ballistic missile programme and its destabilizing role in the region.
The JCPOA showed the international community could come together and solve even the most complex of issues. It showed it is possible to overcome differences through dialogue and diplomacy. It is a clear example of effective multilateralism.
Ensuring the continued implementation of resolution 2231 is in the interest of the Iranian people, of the region and of us all.