Security Council Briefing: Libya
Statement by H.E. Lise Gregoire-van Haaren,
Deputy Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations
New York, 8 November 2018
Let me take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to SRSG Salamé for his informative briefing.
Please allow me to focus on three important aspects: firstly, moving the political process forward, secondly, addressing the economy, and thirdly promoting accountability.
When we joined this Council at the start of this year we saw an opportunity for Libya to take significant steps towards stability.
We emphasized then, that what is needed above all is the political will of all Libyan leaders to look beyond their personal interest.
To put their people first.
Today, we have to conclude that this lack of will is precisely what has held the political process back ever since.
The House of Representatives and High Council of State should show their commitment by laying the groundwork for elections to take place.
Throughout all these discussions, the voice of half of Libya’s population continues to be ignored. I am of course referring to Libya’s women.
The parties need to step up their efforts. We expect women to be part of the Libyan delegations at the Palermo Conference next week.
We welcome the Special Representative’s proposals to revitalize the political process and overcome obstacles.
He has our full support.
The Council and the international community needs to unite behind UNSMIL’s efforts and stand ready to support their efforts, including by listing spoilers in the political process.
We are encouraged by the SRSG’s efforts in addressing the security situation in Tripoli by reaching a ceasefire.
Working on security and political reconciliation needs to be reinforced with economic reforms and financial transparency.
This brings me to my second point concerning Libya’s economy.
Too many people profit from Libya’s political stalemate.
This leads to a lack of financial transparency and economic division.
On Tuesday, we heard from Ms. Reitano that by far the largest share of the revenues from organized crime in conflict areas end up with corrupt leaders.
They are the main beneficiaries from instability, violence and lack of state capacity for enforcement.
This needs to be addressed, also in Libya.
We welcome the rapprochement between the two Central Banks, and the increased focus on economic reforms.
This Council should actively support the fight against illegal money flows through the black market economy.
The sanctions regime will continue to be an important tool in this regard.
Thirdly, following last week’s briefing on the invaluable work of the ICC in Libya we have to step up efforts:
- To end impunity.
- To strengthen the rule of law
- And to bring those that pursue violence to justice.
Earlier this week the Council took a promising step towards addressing sexual and gender based violence in Libya with the creation of a new listing criterion.
This sends a powerful signal to perpetrators of sexual violence that the international community stands ready to take action against these practices in Libya.
Existing sanctions need to be better implemented. In that light we welcome the visit of the sanctions committee to Libya last week.
This message was conveyed by the Committee during its visit to Libya last week, and supported by the Council in resolution 2441, adopted on Monday.
Sanctions alone are not enough.
To ensure accountability we need to follow through on prosecutions.
In this regard, we call on all parties to cooperate and execute the warrants of arrest against fugitives indicted by the ICC, including against Mr. Al-Werfalli.
In conclusion, Mr President, we strongly urge the Libyan leaders to step up their efforts. To take their responsibility and to seize the opportunity offered by the Palermo Conference next week.
This Council expect results. But above all else, the Libyan people expect results.
Thank you, Mr President.